These are the only grounds - or reasons - on which you may appeal against a Penalty Charge Notice.

  1. The contravention did not occur; for example, the contravention did not happen as stated on the Penalty Charge Notice or the prohibition was not properly signed.
  2. I was not the owner of the vehicle at the relevant time - for example, you had sold the vehicle before, or bought it after, the date of the alleged contravention.
  3. The vehicle was parked by someone in control of it without my consent - for example, the vehicle was improperly parked after being stolen.
  4. The penalty charge exceeded the amount applicable in the circumstances of the case - for example, you are being asked to pay the wrong amount for the penalty charge.
  5. The vehicle is owned by a hire firm who have supplied the name and address of the hirer;
  6. There has been a procedural impropriety on the part of the Enforcement Authority - for example, failure to observe any requirement of the enforcement law, such as a breach of a time limit.
  7. The Traffic Order allegedly contravened is invalid - the Order creates the contravention. If you want to see it ask the Enforcement Authority.
  8. The civil enforcement officer was not prevented by some person from fixing the penalty charge notice to the vehicle of handing it to the person in charge of the vehicle - this only applies when the Enforcement Authority sent the penalty charge notice to you by post because they say that someone prevented the civil enforcement officer from issuing the penalty charge notice at the scene. (This cannot apply where a penalty charge notice has been sent by post).
  9. The penalty charge has already been paid.