These are the only grounds - or reasons - on which you may appeal against a Penalty Charge Notice issued for littering from a vehicle

  1. The vehicle (definition includes pedicabs) is: 
    - a public service vehicle, within the meaning of the Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981; or
    - a hackney carriage licensed under the Town Police Clauses Act 1847 or the Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869; or
    - a private hire vehicle licensed under the Private Hire Vehicles (London) Act 1998; or
    - a vehicle licensed under section 48 of the Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976
    and the person acting in contravention of section 87 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 is a passenger in that vehicle;
  2. The recipient: 
    - Never was the owner of the vehicle in question; or
    - Had ceased to be it's owner before the date on which the penalty charge became payable; or
    - Became it's owner after that date;
  3. No person inside the vehicle acted in contravention of section 87 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990
  4. At the time the alleged contravention took place the person who was in control of the vehicle was in control without the consent of the owner;
  5. (except in the case of a pedicab) The recipient is a vehicle hire firm and –
    - the vehicle in question was at the material time hired from that firm under a vehicle hiring agreement; or
    - the person hiring it had signed a statement of liability acknowledging liability in respect of any penalty notice
    issued in respect of the vehicle during the currency of the hiring agreement;
  6. The penalty charge exceeded the amount applicable in the circumstances of the case.